Groundwater Hydraulics and Pollutant Transport:  by Randall J. Charbeneau
593 pages, $111.95 list
Instructor's Manual available
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Groundwater Hydraulics and Pollutant Transport
This rigorous and comprehensive text provides fundamental information geared to students in either engineering or natural sciences courses dealing with groundwater. The first four chapters consider subsurface fluid flow, while the remaining twelve chapters cover subsurface contamination and pollutant transport. Charbeneau views the application of groundwater hydraulics and pollutant transport as a quantitative field. Although quantitative methods are exact, the fields of study are usually homogeneous; laboratory and field methods provide estimates for ideal (not real) fields. What impact does the use of ideal fields have on model predictions? The unknown answer places the study of subsurface flow of water and chemical mass transport in a prime position for continued research—and this readily accessible text opens the door to that research.

Outstanding features include:

• Comprehensive, rigorous, and highly accessible coverage—Includes information on groundwater flow, well hydraulics, field methods for parameter estimation, hydrologic relationships between surface water and groundwater hydrology, mass transport of contaminants by advection, diffusion and dispersion, and special problems posed by nonaqueous phase liquids (oils).

• Strong focus on applications—Empowers readers with knowledge and methodologies that they can use in real, day-to-day practices. Includes 66 worked examples and 178 problems integrated throughout.

• Examination of standard software being used in the industry today—Exposes readers to the USGS MODFLOW model (the most widely used numerical simulation model for groundwater flow) and the USGS MOC3D. These models, together with a user interface (MFI), can be downloaded from the Internet.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Groundwater Hydrology
Porous Media / Distribution of Subsurface Water / Porosity and Related Properties of Soils / Subsurface Hydrologic Cycle / Hydrogeologic Formations

2. Darcy's Law and Continuity Relations
Principles from Fluid Mechanics / Darcy's Law / Continuity Relations for Flow in Porous Media / Flow of Air through Porous Media / Groundwater Management Models

3. Groundwater and Well Hydraulics
Wells and Their Placement / Steady Flow to a Well / Transient Flow to a Well in an Ideal Confined Aquifer / Pumping Tests / Other Well Functions / Slug Tests / Well Tests / Multiple Well Problems / Potential Flow for Stratified Aquifers / The Interface in the Coastal Aquifer / Other Transient Flow Problems

4. The Vadose Zone and Groundwater Recharge
Soil Water in the Vadose Zone / Soil Water Characteristic Curve / Darcy's Law and Richards' Equation / Measurement of Soil Properties / Infiltration Models / Redistribution of Soil Water / Evaporation and Desorption Models / Evaporation from a Shallow Water Table / Water Balance and Groundwater Recharge

5. Groundwater Contamination
Sources of Subsurface Contamination / Mass Transport Processes / General Continuity Equation / Solute Partitioning / Degradation Losses of Soil and Groundwater Contaminants / Simplified Forms of the Continuity Equation

6. Solute Transport by Advection
Advective Transport / Introduction to Potential Theory / Calculation of Potential and Stream Functions / Applications of Potential Theory / Residence Time Distribution Theory / Standard Flow Patterns / Evaluating the Environmental Consequences of Groundwater Contamination

7. Solute Transport by Diffusion
Fick's Laws / Molecular Diffusion Coefficients / Diffusion in Porous Media / Diffusion in Multiphase Systems / Applications of the Diffusion Equation / Volatilization Losses of Soil Contaminants

8. Advection-Dispersion Transport and Models
Introduction / One-Dimensional Flow and Column Experiments / Radial Flow from a Well / Transverse Dispersion / Mechanical Dispersion Tensor / Moments of the Transport Equation / Analytical Models of Chemical Spills (Instantaneous Release) / Analytical Models of Contaminant Plumes (Continuous Release) / Numerical Simulation of Solute Transport / Nonideal Flow in Porous Media / Subsurface Mass Transport through the Vadose Zone

9. Multiphase Flow and Hydrocarbon Recovery
Principles of Multiphase Flow / Capillary Trapping, Residual Saturation and Mass Transfer / NAPL Behavior in Fractured Media / Monitoring of Free-Product Petroleum Hydrocarbon / NAPL Infiltration in the Vadose Zone / Screening Models for Fate/Transport of Organic Chemicals in Soil and Groundwater / Soil-Vapor Extraction Systems / Free Product Recovery of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Liquids

Appendix A: Mathematical Formalisms
Appendix B: Selected Conversions, Parameter Values and Properties
Appendix C: Theis Well Function, W(u)
Appendix D: Spreadsheet Modules for Calculating Well Functions
Appendix E: Spreadsheet Module for Calculating Slug Test Well Function
Appendix F: Water Balance for Rainfall Events
Appendix G: Error and Complementary Error Functions
Appendix H: Spreadsheet Calculations of LNAPL Distribution
Appendix I: Spreadsheet for LNAPL Recovery Analysis