Ecological Forest Management:  by Jerry F. Franklin, K. Norman Johnson, Debora L. Johnson
646 pages, $104.95 list
eBook availability
Ecological Forest Management
Fundamental changes have occurred in all aspects of forestry over the last 50 years, including the underlying science, societal expectations of forests and their management, and the evolution of a globalized economy. This textbook is an effort to comprehensively integrate this new knowledge of forest ecosystems and human concerns and needs into a management philosophy that is applicable to the vast majority of global forest lands. Ecological forest management (EFM) is focused on policies and practices that maintain the integrity of forest ecosystems while achieving environmental, economic, and cultural goals of human societies. EFM uses natural ecological models as its basis contrasting it with modern production forestry, which is based on agronomic models and constrained by required return-on-investment. Sections of the book consider: 1) Basic concepts related to forest ecosystems and silviculture based on natural models; 2) Social and political foundations of forestry, including law, economics, and social acceptability; 3) Important current topics including wildfire, biological diversity, and climate change; and 4) Forest planning in an uncertain world from small privately-owned lands to large public ownerships. The book concludes with an overview of how EFM can contribute to resolving major 21st century issues in forestry, including sustaining forest dependent societies.
"This is an excellent, broad-based text covering many forest topics in a style students should find very readable. It also presents difficult points of view on current issues. I particularly like the chapters on forest planning and the sections on fire." — Susan Todd, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

"Regardless of where on the spectrum of forest management philosophy and practice you may fall, Ecological Forest Management is a thought-provoking and positively stimulating read, and is, in my view, well worth the price." — Steve Wilent, Forestry Source

"Spectacular text!" — Kerry Farris, Oregon Tech

"The forests of the world will be better off for the publication and utilization of Ecological Forest Management." — Andy Kerr, Public Lands Blog

"The textbook is an excellent resource, laying out the purpose and need for ecological forestry and providing up-to-date guidance how it can be achieved in the real world. It's easy to read and illustrated with many excellent images and figures." — Yvette Dickinson, Michigan Technological University

"This book is terrific! The layout is easy to read and understand and the content is comprehensive. I use it in my course on old-growth forest ecology and management and students seem to love it." — Brian Harvey, University of Washington

"It's an impressive book that I hope will enjoy wide use to train twenty-first century forestry students and influence the work of practitioners." — Paul K. Barten, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Table of Contents
1. Sustaining Forests and Their Benefits
Five Major Themes / An Ecological Approach to Forest Management / The Contributions of Expanded Scientific Knowledge / The Public Policy Framework for Forest Management / Negotiation: An Essential Element of Forest Management Planning / Change and Uncertainty: An Enduring Constant in Forest Management / Coping Mechanisms: Mysteries, Wickedness, and Tenets


2. Understanding Forests as Ecosystems
Part 1: Attributes of Forest Ecosystems / Part 2: Forest Ecosystem Development

3. Forest Dynamics: Disturbances, Developmental Stages, and Forest Archetypes
Part 1: Disturbances and Biological Legacies / Part 2: Forest Developmental Stages / Part 3: Important Natural Forest Archetypes / Part 4: Disruptions Associated with Climate Change and Invasive Organisms / Conclusions

4. Silvicultural Principles for Ecological Forestry
Goals and Categories of Silvicultural Activities in Ecological Forestry / Principles Underlying Silvicultural Activities in Ecological Forestry / Developing Silvicultural Prescriptions in Ecological Forestry / Exemplary Applications of Ecological Forestry Principles

5. Larger Spatial-Scale Concerns: Landscapes and Regions
Part 1: Some Basic Concepts and Principles of Landscape Ecology / Part 2: Areas of Special Environmental or Cultural Significance / Part 3: Planning Management Activities at the Landscape Level


6. Economic, Social, and Political Drivers of Forestry
Ownership / Markets / Investment and Income Strategies / Policy Formation Processes / Social Acceptability of Forest Practices

7. Legal Frameworks for Forestry
Historical Development and Partial Review of Global Forest Policies / Legal Context for Management of Temperate Forests around the World / Key Federal Environmental Laws in the United States / The National Environmental Policy Act / The Endangered Species Act / The Clean Water Act / Implications of US Federal Environmental Laws for Ecological Forestry

8. Resolving Forestry Conflicts through Collaboration
Negotiation: An Essential Element of Modern Forest Management / The Many Forms of Collaboration / Collaboration: A Mutual Gains Approach / Effective Collaboration: Lessons from Two Decades of Experience / Successful Conflict Management and Dispute Resolution as a Forest Manager / Some Concluding Thoughts

9. Capital, Income, and Sustainability
Classical Investment Analysis: A Primer / Fitting Financial Considerations into the Multiple Goals of Many Landowners / Capital, Sustainability, and Intergenerational Equity / Appendix I: Additional Approaches to Financial Analysis / Appendix II: A Decision Tree for Choosing Present or Future Value Equations

10. The Economic Value of Forests
The Many Values of Forests / Appraisal / Hedonic Pricing / Contingent Valuation / Discrete Choice Experiments / Benefit Transfer / Deliberative Monetary Valuation / Summary / Appendix I: Vignettes to Illustrate the Application of Appraisal Principles / Appendix II: Zena Forest Appraisal and Conservation Easement

11. Adaptive Management: Achieving Resilience in the Face of Change and Uncertainty
Understanding Transformations in Natural and Human Systems / Adaptive Management / Monitoring: Developing the Information Base for Adaptive Management / Collaborative Learning, Multiparty Monitoring, and Adaptive Management / Continuing Development of the Scientific Base


12. Forests on Fire: Nature's Thermal Creativity (Christopher J. Dunn)
Introduction / Part 1: Fundamentals of Fire Behavior / Part 2: Fire's Effect on Forest Communities / Part 3: Fire Regimes: Characteristics and Use / Part 4: A Wildfire Policy Based on Suppression: Origins and Effects / Part 5: Fire History as a Guide to Ecological Forest Management / Conclusions / Appendix: Fuel Models

13. The Fire Next Time: Strategies for Fire and Fuels Management (Christopher J. Dunn and Matthew P. Thompson)
Fire Management Options: An Overview / Understanding Fuel Treatments / Fuel Treatment Planning / Integrating Fuel Treatments into Forest Restoration / Leveraging Wildfires for Resource Benefits / Ecosystem Resiliency as an Overarching Goal / The WUI Problem: Fire Management's Greatest Challenge? / Strategic Zoning for Wildlife Response: An Integrative Approach / Appendix: A Brief Discussion of Fire Models

14. Conserving and Restoring Biological Diversity (Cristina Eisenberg)
The Nature and Importance of Biological Diversity / Sustaining Forest Biodiversity / Species of Special Ecological Importance and Interest / The Formative Role of Law in Conserving Biodiversity in the United States / Combining Ecosystem and Species Approaches to Conserving Biodiversity / Conclusions

15. Climate Change, Carbon, and Forests
Part 1: Human-caused Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Their Role in Climate Change / Part 2: The Role of Forests in the Carbon Cycle / Part 3: Carbon Accounting in Forest Management / Part 4: Forests, Forestry, and Carbon Storage / Part 5: Forest Policies to Help Lower CO2 in the Atmosphere / Conclusions / Appendix: Forest Carbon Offsets in a Cap and Trade Program

16. Forest Certification
Emergence of Forest Certification on the International Scene / The Certification Process / Government Regulation and Forest Ownership Certification: Similarities and Differences / Two Views of Forest Ownership Certification / Comparison of Certification Systems / Potential Forest Certification Costs / Potential Forest Certification Benefits / Summary of Forest Certification Potential Costs and Benefits / Emerging Issues and Trends in Forest Certification / Certification and Ecological Forestry


17. Classical Forest Regulation: Its Relevance to Ecological Forestry
Forestry's Classical Decision Rules / The Regulated Forest / Achieving a Fully Regulated Forest / Relevance to Ecological Forestry / A Place for Classical Approaches in Ecological Forestry / Limits of Classical Approaches under Ecological Forestry / Conclusions

18. Making Decisions: Naturalistic and Structured Approaches
Naturalistic Decision-Making Approaches / A Role for Systematic Decision Making / Structured Decision Making for Ecological Forest Management / Structured Decision Making for Ecological Forestry: An Example / Forest Planning Models: Help or Hindrance? / Integrating Naturalistic and Structured Decision Making / Appendix: Developing Efficient Alternatives with Linear Programming

19. Forest Planning under Ecological Forestry
Forest Planning: The Pine Hill Forest Example / Linking Forest Planning to Implementation: The Importance of Spatial Analysis / Modeling Dynamic Spatial Objectives in Forestry / Appendix

20. The Greatest Good: Planning the Future of US National Forests
History / The National Forest Management Act / National Forest Planning under the NFMA / National Forest Planning in the 21st Century / Revision of the NFMA Planning Rule / A Role for Ecological Forest Management in Future National Forest Planning / A Role for Ecological Forest Management on Other Federal Forests


21. Potential Contributions of Ecological Forest Management
Overall Goals and Philosophy of Ecological Forest Management (EFM) / Contributions of EFM to Major Issues / A Policy Framework for EFM / Increasing the Adoption of EFM Globally / Conclusion