Title IX: A Brief History with Documents by Susan  Ware
185 pages, $20.95 list
1-4786-1881-7
978-1-4786-1881-2
Title IX
A Brief History with Documents
Many know Title IX as groundbreaking legislation that protects people from sex-based discrimination in education programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. Yet, many do not know the history of women’s sports before Title IX, the history of the amendment, and the struggle for its implementation. These topics and more are discussed in Ware’s well-researched and reader-friendly Introduction, followed by 26 provocative, pertinent documents.

The carefully selected writings, organized in chronological order, balance the views of policymakers, legislators, and commentators with the voices of individuals whose lives were shaped by the law. Ware purposely presents conflicting points of view to encourage analytical thinking and lively classroom discussion about gender equity, both in sports and in American society as a whole.
Reactions
“I used this text for years when Bedford published it. Students love the combination of primary sources with a scholarly essay to give them context. The documents are well selected, easy to read, and engaging. Title IX would work well in a course on gender of twentieth century US. Plus, it’s affordable!” — Wendy Lucas, University of Central Arkansas

“I have used Title IX in five different survey courses. The students find the book accessible. Highly recommended.” — Justin Coffey, Quincy University
Table of Contents
Preface to the 2014 Edition
Preface

Part I: Introduction: Title IX—Thirty-Seven Words That Changed American Sports
The Passage and Early Years of Title IX / Women's Sports in Historical Perspective / Stalemate and New Challenges / Toward Gender Equity / Unintended Consequences and Unfinished Agendas

Part II: The Documents
The Back Story
“Too Strong for a Woman”—The Five Words That Created Title IX, 1997 (Sandler)
Sport Is Unfair to Women, May 28, 1973 (Gilbert & Williamson)
The Early Years of Title IX
Draft Regulations for Interscholastic and Intercollegiate Athletics, June 20, 1974 (Department of Health, Education, and Welfare)
Regulations on Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Sex, June 4, 1975 (Department of Health, Education, and Welfare)
Hearings before the Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, September 16 and 18, 1975 (U. S. Senate)
Football: It Pays the Bills, Son, October 5, 1975 (Sabock)
Competitive Athletics: In Search of Equal Opportunity, 1976 (Dunkle)
Yale Women’s Crew Strips in Title IX Protest, March 1976 (Barnett and the Yale Women’s Crew)
Stalled at the Start: Government Action on Sex Bias in the Schools, 1978 (Project on Equal Education Rights)
Policy Interpretation: Title IX and Intercollegiate Athletics, December 11, 1979 (Department of Health, Education, and Welfare)
Thank Title IX for Some of That Gold, August 5, 1984 (Bastian)
An Increasingly Polarized Debate
Cohen et al. v. Brown University, December 22, 1992
Winning a Losing Battle, 1992 (Cohen)
Final Report of the NCAA Gender-Equity Task Force, July 26, 1993 (National Collegiate Athletic Association)
One Woman’s Fight for Gender Equity in Sport, 2002 (Pemberton)
Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training, and Life-long Learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities, May 9, 1995 (U. S. House of Representatives)
High School Athletes Talk about Gender Equity, 1998 (Watts)
A Conservative Critique of Title IX, 2002 (Gavora)
Title IX and American Culture
A Women-Centered View of Sport, 1986 (Lopiano)
Female Athletes and the Game of Life, 2001 (Shulman & Bowen)
Title IX and Race in Intercollegiate Sport, 2003 (Women’s Sports Foundation)
Title IX Has Done Little for Minority Female Athletes, November 30, 2001 (Suggs)
Homophobia in Women’s Sports, 1997 (Bledsoe)
Title IX at 30: Report Card on Gender Equity, 2002 (National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education)
Open to All: Title IX at Thirty, 2003 (Secretary’s Commission on Opportunity in Athletics)
Cheers for Title IX, June 22, 2005 (Campbell)

Appendixes: A Chronology of Title IX and Related Events (1964–2014) / Questions for Consideration / Selected Bibliography