Leadership in Education: Organizational Theory for the Practitioner by Russ  Marion, Leslie D. Gonzales
374 pages, $58.95 list
1-57766-951-7
978-1-57766-951-7
Leadership in Education
Organizational Theory for the Practitioner
Second Edition
Marion & Gonzales offer well-balanced, well-researched, and lively discussions of classic and contemporary leadership theories and their applications. They lay out the theory, provide an application, and then address leadership issues relevant to school administrators.

The authors begin with a brief look at the pros and cons of general entity- and collectivist-based approaches to leadership, reflecting key debates in the leadership literature. Next, readers encounter the history and applications of specific entity-based theories, followed by a discussion of conflict theory, which provides an apt transition to the exploration of collectivist ideas. The book finishes with coverage of critical theory, institutionalism, and population ecology—theories that focus more on the organizational context for leadership than on leadership styles. Real-world examples from inside and outside educational contexts; case studies, roundtable discussions, group activities; and reflective exercises engage readers and accelerate learning.

Leadership in Education, 2/E raises the bar for understanding and reinforcing practical applications of various theories in settings and situations that school administrators are likely to encounter.
Reactions
“An excellent resource for developing research and ideas.” — Rick Vandermolen, Grand Valley State University

“This is a superb discussion of the many ways to see organizations and the implications of each for the nature of leadership.” — Judith Ramaley, Portland State University
Table of Contents
Introduction: An Overview of Leadership Theories
Organization of the Book / Features that Stimulate Thinking and Exploration / The Applicability of Leadership Theories

Part I: LEADING INDIVIDUALS

1. Managing Tasks: Scientific Management
Management versus Leadership / Frederick Taylor and the Scientific Management Movement / Administrative Functions / Bureaucracy Theory

2. Leading People: Human Relations
Elton Mayo and the Human Relations Movement / Three Traditions in Human Relations Research

3. Leading Tasks and People: Structural-Functionalism
Chester Barnard's Cooperative System / Philip Selznick and Institutionalism / Perspectives of Leadership / Machine Theorists and Management-of-Influence Leadership / Human Relations and Management-of-Influence Leadership / Structural-Functionalist and Management-of-Influence Leadership

4. Changing, Motivating, and Leading in Open Systems: Systems Theory
The Open Systems Perspective / Characteristics of Open Systems / Open Systems Theory: Feedback / Models of Open Systems / Communication and Open Systems

5. How to Lead: Contingency Theory
The Premises Underlying Contingency Theory / Structural Contingency Theory / Leadership Contingency Theory / Contextual Conditions / Criticisms of Contingency Theory / A Primer and Caution on Contingency Theory Methodology

6. Leadership as Relationships: LMX Theory
LMX Theory / LMX Research in the New Century / Being Alike or Being Different / LMX Scales

7. The Change-Oriented Leader: Transformational Leadership Theory
Situating Transformational Leadership Theory / What's the Difference? Transformational and Transactional Theories / Background Work and Tools of the Transformational Leader / The Elements of Transformational Leadership / Impacts of Transformational Leadership / Critiques of Transformational Leadership

Part II: LEADING COLLECTIVES

8. Leading through Conflict
Conflict Theory / Conflict and the Structural-Functionalist Perspective / Task and Personal Conflicts / Conflict and Alliances / Complexity Theory, Contagion, and Conflict

9. Loose Coupling, Decision Making, and Sensemaking
Loose Coupling / Decision Making / Sensemaking

10. Encouraging Innovation and Building Fitness: Complexity Theory
What Is Complexity? / What Does Complexity Theory Do That Other Organizational Theories Cannot Do? / Complex Adaptive Systems / Leadership of and in Complex Systems / Model of Complexity Leadership / Complexity Leadership in Schools

11. Schools as Cultures: Cultural Approaches to Leadership
Conceptualizing Culture / The Elements of Culture / Interpretive versus Postpositivist Approaches to Culture / The Functions of Culture / Leadership and Impacting Culture / The Critique

Part III: THREE MORE EXPLANATIONS OF LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR

12. Interrogating Organizational Management and Control: Critical Theory
Critical Theory: Marxist Beginnings / The Frankfurt Contribution and the Import of Ideology / The Not So Innocent Side of Rationality: An Ideological Tool / Surveilling Self: Continuous Improvement and Progress / The Velvet Gloves: Integration, Family, and Democracy / Critical Feminist Perspectives / Critical Race Theory

13. Leading in a Manufactured Reality: Institutional Theory
Background / The New Institutionalism / Socially Constructed Reality / Fields / Institutionalism and Legitimacy / Isomorphism: Why Schools Look So Much Alike / Early and Late Adopters / Leadership and Manufacturing Reality / Institutionalism and Change / Institutionalism and Critical Theory

14. Evolution of the Organizational Animal: Population Ecology Theory
Population Ecology / Social Evolution / Types of Organizations / The Failure of Organizations, Movements, and Ideas / Leadership