Geology Applied to Engineering:  by Terry R. West, Abdul  Shakoor
576 pages, $96.95 list
1-4786-3500-2
978-1-4786-3500-0
eBook availability
Geology Applied to Engineering
Second Edition
Geology Applied to Engineering bridges the gap between the two fields through its versatile application of the physical aspects of geology to engineering design and construction. The Second Edition elucidates real-world practices, concerns, and issues for today’s engineering geologists and geotechnical engineers. Both undergraduate and graduate students will benefit from the book’s thorough coverage, as will professionals involved in assessing sites for engineering projects, evaluating construction materials, developing water resources, and conducting tests using industry standards. West and Shakoor offer expanded coverage of important topics such as slope stability and ground subsidence and significant fields in engineering geology, such as highways, dams, tunnels, and rock blasting.

In order to allow for the diverse backgrounds of geologists and engineers, material on the properties of minerals, rocks, and soil provides a working knowledge of applied geology as a springboard to more comprehensive subjects in engineering. Example problems throughout the text demonstrate the practical applications of soil mechanics, rock weathering and soils, structural geology, groundwater, and geophysics. Thought-provoking and challenging exercises supplement core concepts such as determining shear strength and failure conditions, calculating the depth needed for borings, reading and analyzing maps, and constructing stratigraphic cross sections.
Reviews
"The text provides the student with an excellent background not only in applying geology to engineering design and construction but also provides the student with the background necessary for understanding the geologic conditions that have contributed to this application. Both undergraduate students and graduate students will find the book an excellent text. It is easy to read and well illustrated, there is an excellent selection of example problems to follow and a thorough bibliography at the end of each chapter to refer to for further information about the concepts discussed." --John Rockaway, Northern Kentucky University
Table of Contents
1. Origin and Development of the Earth
Modern Theory of the Origin of the Universe / Origin of the Solar System / The Milky Way / The Likelihood of Life on Other Planets / The Fate of Life on Earth / Configuration of the Earth's Surface / Architecture of the Earth's Surface Today

2. Minerals
Mineral Definition / Mineral Formation / Occurrence of Minerals / Mineral Identification / Rock-Forming Minerals / Engineering Considerations of Minerals

3. Igneous Rocks
Definitions of Rock / Definition and Occurrence of Igneous Rocks / Formation of Igneous Rocks / Types of Volcanoes / Fissure Eruptions / Volcanic Deposits / Pyroclastic Deposits / Fumaroles, Geysers, and Hot Springs / Intrusive Rock Bodies / Igneous Rock Textures / Mineralogy of Igneous Rocks / Classification of Igneous Rocks / Igneous Rock Descriptions / Engineering Considerations of Igneous Rocks

4. Rock Weathering and Soils
Factors Controlling Weathering / Processes of Mechanical Weathering / Processes of Chemical Weathering / Classification of Weathering Grade / Soil Profiles / Factors Controlling Soil Profile Development / Classification of Soil Particle Size and Texture / Agricultural Soils Maps / Engineering Considerations of Rock Weathering and Soils

5. Sedimentary Rocks
Definition and Occurrence of Sedimentary Rocks / Sediments versus Sedimentary Rocks / Lithification / Formation of Sedimentary Rocks / Sedimentary Rock Classification / Sedimentary Rock Identification / Distinguishing Features of Sedimentary Rocks / Environments of Deposition / Engineering Considerations of Sedimentary Rocks

6. Metamorphic Rocks
Definition and Occurrence of Metamorphic Rocks / Types of Metamorphism / Geologic Rock Cycle / Textures of Metamorphic Rocks / Types of Metamorphic Rocks / Metamorphic Grade / Metamorphic Rock Identification / Rock Identification for All Three Varieties / Engineering Considerations of Metamorphic Rocks

7. Elements of Soil Mechanics
Index Properties / Soil Classification / Soil Structure / Compaction / Effective Stress / Shear Strength of Soils / Stress Distribution / Consolidation / Engineering Considerations of Soil Mechanics

8. Engineering Properties of Rocks
Properties of Intact Rock / Engineering Classification of Intact Rock / Rock Mass Properties / Engineering Classification of Rock Mass / Rock Strength and Petrography / Engineering Considerations of Rock Properties

9. Evaluating Construction Materials
Introduction / Testing Construction Materials / Portland Cement Concrete / Engineering Considerations of Construction Materials

10. Stratigraphy and Geologic Time
Stratigraphy / Basic Geologic Principles for Relative Age Dating / Unconformities / Correlation / Dating the Earth / Absolute or Radiometric Dating / The Awesome Span of Geologic Time / Human Time versus Geologic Time / Geologic Maps / Engineering Considerations of Stratigraphy and Geologic Time

11. Structural Geology
Rock Deformation / Folds in Rock / Types of Rock Fractures / Folds and Faults Combined / Direction of Stress and Fault Orientation / Engineering Considerations of Structural Geology

12. Running Water and River Systems
Hydrologic Cycle and Rainfall Equation / Factors Influencing Runoff / Types of Runoff / Stream Flow Terms / Work of Streams / Landform Features of Streams / Engineering Considerations of Streams

13. Groundwater
Origin of Groundwater / Distribution of Groundwater / Confined and Unconfined Water / Porosity and Related Properties / Permeability / Springs / Groundwater Movement / Production of Groundwater / Water Well Terminology / Legal Details of Groundwater Ownership / Water Witching / Groundwater Pollution / Formation of Caves in Carbonate Rocks / Engineering Considerations of Groundwater

14. The Work of Glaciers
Glacial Ice / Types of Glaciers / Results of Glaciation / Glacial History of the United States / Engineering Considerations of the Work of Glaciers

15. Slope Stability and Ground Subsidence
Classification of Mass Movement / Types of Slope Movement / Causes of Slope Movements / Prevention and Correction of Slope Movements / Ground Subsidence / Engineering Considerations of Slope Stability and Ground Subsidence

16. Coastal Processes
Wave Motion / Tides / Effects of Severe Storms / Erosion in Coastal Areas / Deposition in Coastal Areas / Estuaries / Classification of Coastlines / Sensitivity of Shoreline Features to Human Activities / Engineering Considerations: Shoreline Protection Structures

17. Arid Environments and Wind
Arid Climates / Geologic Processes in Arid Regions / Wind / Engineering Considerations of Arid Environments and Wind

18. Earthquakes and Geophysics
Earthquake Studies / The Earth's Interior / Engineering Geophysics / Engineering Considerations of Earthquakes and Geophysics

19. Subsurface Investigations
Subsurface Model / Reconnaissance / Subsurface Exploration: Sounding, Drilling, and Sampling / Miscellaneous Considerations / Site Selection / Engineering Considerations of Subsurface Investigations

20. Physiographic Provinces
Physiographic Provinces / Factors Affecting Physiography / Subdividing Physiographic Provinces / Engineering Considerations of Physiographic Proviences

20. Engineering Geology: Highways, Dams, Tunnels, and Rock Blasting
Engineering Geology / Engineering Geology of Highways / Engineering Geology of Dams / Engineering Geology of Tunnels / Rock Blasting / Environmental Geology

Appendix A: Identification of Minerals and Rocks
Appendix B: Topographic Maps