Behavior Modification in Applied Settings:  by Alan E. Kazdin
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Behavior Modification in Applied Settings
Seventh Edition
Continuing the tradition of excellence established in previous editions, distinguished researcher, practitioner, and educator Alan Kazdin integrates pioneering and recent research with discussions and examples for altering behavior and the conditions that influence their effectiveness. The Seventh Edition reflects several developments within the field of behavior modification, without diminishing an essential emphasis on applied research and intervention techniques. Kazdin has expanded and refined discussions of functional behavioral assessment, antecedent events and their influence on behavior, assessment options, ensuring the quality of assessment, data evaluation, and ethical and legal issues. New to this edition is an Appendix to guide a behavior-change project that focuses on applying the content of the book in everyday life.

In addition to comprehensive coverage and lucid explanations of how assessment, evaluation, and intervention work together to improve the care of individuals, the text contains many learning-oriented features, such as chapter outlines that convey content, direction, and key points; practical examples of principles and techniques; an abundant number of tables that summarize important concepts; exercises for designing or evaluating a specific intervention or for changing a program that is not working; and a list of key terms at the end of the chapters. By completing the exercises and understanding the terms, students can master the core content of the chapters.

This outstanding text enables students and professionals with varied interests to implement effective techniques with individuals and in contexts where behavior change is desperately needed in a world challenged by a wide range of social problems.
"I love the supplemental materials! Exams, and different question types, have been very useful." — Alyssa Wilson, Saint Louis University

"I like the tone and content more than most other ABA books." — Eleni Pinnow, University of Wisconsin, Superior

"The text is excellent! Format logical, easy-to-find specific information, and multiple exemplars/scenarios for classroom use." — Carol Fiorile, Queens College

"An extremely comprehensive treatment of ABA methods. The text was written clearly with many examples of the application of ABA in real-life settings." — Bruce Menchetti, Florida State University

"This is an empowering and therapeutic text. Kazdin is able to present sophisticated clinical techniques in a readable, professional, and scholarly manner." — Daniel Lee, California State University, Camarillo

"Ideal for presenting an overall view of behavior modification. . . . A delight to read in terms of its comprehensiveness and identification of the basic characteristics of the field." — Nathan Azrin, Nova Southeastern University
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
Behavior Modification and Its Key Characteristics / Two Case Illustrations / Models of Learning as Underpinnings of Behavior Modification/ Development of Behaviorism / Extensions to Clinical Work and Applied Settings / Contemporary Behavior Modification / Applied Behavior Analysis / Summary and Conclusions

2. Principles of Operant Conditioning
Contingencies: The ABCs of Behavior / Antecedents of Behavior / Behaviors / Consequences of Behavior / Additional Principles and Concepts / Summary and Conclusions

3. How to Identify, Define, and Assess Behavior
Identifying the Goal of the Programs / Defining the Target Behavior / Assessment / Strategies of Assessment / Selection of an Assessment Strategy / Summary and Conclusions

4. How to Ensure the Quality of Assessment
Conditions of Assessment / Interobserver Assessment / Measurement Requirements and Options / Summary and Conclusions

5. How to Evaluate Interventions in Applied Settings
Key Components of Evaluation / Basic Characteristics of Single-Case Designs / Single-Case Experimental Designs / Group Designs / Evaluating the Data / Graphic Display of Data for Visual Inspection / Summary and Conclusions

6. Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evidence-Based Approach for Identifying Effective Interventions
Characteristics and Elements of Functional Behavioral Assessment / Functional Analysis: Further Applications / Functional Behavioral Assessment in Educational Settings / Evaluation and Special Considerations / Summary and Conclusions

7. Positive and Negative Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement / Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Positive Reinforcement / Reinforcement Techniques to Reduce Undesirable Responses / Negative Reinforcement / Summary and Conclusions

8. Punishment
Presentation of Aversive Events / Withdrawal of Positive Consequences / Punishing Consequences Based on Effort / Selecting Procedures to Suppress Behaviors / Characteristics of the Punishment Process / Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Punishment / Side Effects of Punishment / Punishment in Everyday Life / When and How to Use Punishment / Summary and Conclusions

9. Extinction
Extinction of Positively Reinforced Behavior / Applications of Extinction / Characteristics of the Extinction Process / Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Extinction / Extinction of Negatively Reinforced Behavior / Anxiety Treatment and Outpatient Therapy / Summary and Conclusions

10. Special Technique Variations to Enhance Performance
Rechecking the Contingencies and Their Implementation / Bolstering the Use of Antecedents, Behaviors, and Consequences / Contingency Contracts / Group-Based Programs / Peer-Administered Contingencies / Summary and Conclusions

11. Generalization: Changes over Time and across Situations, Settings, and Response Domains
Background and Key Concepts / Response Maintenance / Transfer of Behavior across Situations and Settings / Response Generalization / Programming Response Maintenance and Transfer / Programming Response Generalization / Summary and Conclusions

12. Self-Control and Self-Administered Interventions
Background / Self-Administered Interventions in Educational Applications / Self-Administered Interventions in Physical and Mental Health Applications / Strengths and Limitations / Summary and Conclusions

13. Clinical Applications of Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions
Overview of the Challenges of Psychological Treatment / Behavioral Techniques: Emergence and Evolution / Illustrations of Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Evidence-Based Treatments / Challenges in Delivering Evidence-Based Treatments / Summary and Conclusions

14. Social, Ethical, and Legal Contexts of Intervention Research
The Social Context of Interventions / Ethical Guidelines and Protection of Client Rights / Ethical Guidelines in Applied Behavior Analysis / Summary and Conclusions

15. Summing Up: Applied Behavior Analysis Interventions in Perspective
Salient Characteristics of Applied Behavior Analysis / Myths and Red Herrings / Special Challenges: Extending Interventions to Have Broad Impact / Closing Comments

Appendix: Behavior-Change Project
Beginning the Project: The First Steps / Write-Up of the Project / Occasionally Asked Questions