The History and Growth of Career and Technical Education in America:  by Howard R. D. Gordon
487 pages, $47.95 list
1-4786-0748-3
978-1-4786-0748-9
The History and Growth of Career and Technical Education in America
Fourth Edition
Dr. Gordon was the first scholar/educator to publish a relevant, up-to-date synthesis of the history, philosophy, legislation, and organizational/curricular structure of career and technical education. The fourth edition features comprehensive background and research on such topics as evolving employer expectations, special-needs populations, land-grant institutions, teacher shortages and alternative certification, CTSOs, and an historical overview of influential leaders and their impact on CTE curriculum development. Pre-service teachers as well as experienced CTE teachers will appreciate this well-documented road map of CTE.

Detailed discussions of current research and statistics on the latest CTE issues and trends include:

• The participation of women and minorities, particularly in nontraditional programs such as STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics), and gender-equity issues both in education and in the workplace
• Closing the achievement gap and the skills gap
• The implications of an aging workforce for CTE career opportunities, and an analysis of today’s multi-generational workforce
• The impact of globalization, including workforce diversity, an increasing number of limited English-proficient students, and the promising fields of alternative energy and “green” technology
• The future of CTE programs and funding in a precarious economic climate
• A new chapter on 21st-century agents of growth, emphasizing college and career readiness and the effectiveness of programs of study/career clusters
• A student study-guide CD accompanies the book.
Reviews
“Overall the best CTE historical book on the market.” — Michael Kosloski, Old Dominion University

“This is an excellent book. I loved all the previous editions and love the newest. The instructor materials and student study guide CD are a plus!” — Feon Smith, Marshall University
Table of Contents
1. Early Career and Technical Education in America
European Influence on Career and Technical Education / Apprenticeship in America / The Industrial Revolution / The Manual Training Movement / Phases of Technology Development / Redefining Career and Technical Education

2. Leaders Who Influenced Career and Technical Education Curriculum Development
Historical Role of Booker T. Washington / Views of Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois / David Snedden and Charles Prosser / John Dewey / A Redefinition of Manual Training / Differences in Educational Philosophies: John Dewey and Charles Prosser / Major Dennis Mobley's Philosophy of Career and Technical Education

3. Impact of Land-Grant Institutions on Career and Technical Education
First Morrill Act (Adopted July 2, 1862) / Second Morrill Act (Adopted August 30, 1890) / The Tribal Colleges / The Smith-Lever Agricultural Extension Act

4. Factors that Influenced Career and Technical Education Development
Impact of War Activities / Study Panels

5. Legislative History and the Changing Workforce
Pre-1917 Laws and Bills / Authors of Federal Legislation for Career and Technical Education / Major Vocational Legislation / Reform and Vocational Education / Career and Technical Education: 1990s–21st Century

6. Participation of Women in Career and Technical Education
Historical Work Roles of Women in Career and Technical Education / Legislative Breakthroughs Affecting Women / Selected Problems Associated with Sex Equity / Women in Apprenticeship and Nontraditional Occupations Act (WANTO) / Institute for Women in Trades, Technology, and Science (IWITTS) / Inspiring Girls Now in Technology Evolution (IGNITE) / GirlTech / Revisitation of Title IX: Gender Segregation in CTE at the High School Level / Gender and CTE: Opportunities for Growth / Women's Representation in STEM Occupations / Recruitment and Retention of Women and Girls in STEM / Implications for Career and Technical Education

7. Participation of Special-Needs Populations in Career and Technical Education
Historical Relationship between Ethnic Groups and CTE / Participation of Special Education Students in Career and Technical Education / Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 and 2004 Reauthorization / Characteristics of CTE Participants at the Secondary Level / Challenges for Career and Technical Educators

8. Career and Technical Education Instructional Programs and Teachers
Career and Technical Education at the Secondary Level / Areas of Study / Credentials and Work Experience of CTE Teachers at the Secondary Level / Selected Entities Influencing Growth in CTE Programs

9. Development of Career and Technical Education Student Organizations
Public Law 81-740 / Organizational Structure and Role of the CTSOs / Federally Recognized CTSOs

10. The Aging Workforce
Labor Market and Selected Population Characteristics of Older Workers / Population Aging and Perceptions of an Older Workforce / Participation Characteristics of the Aging Workforce / Influence of an Older Workforce on Career and Technical Education / Generations and the Workforce / Implications for Career and Technical Education Programs / Challenges for Career and Technical Educators

11. Globalization of Career and Technical Education
Global Awareness and Interdependence / Internationalizing the Curriculum / International Technical Vocational Education and Training: Strengths and Challenges among Selected Countries / Western Influence on Career and Technical Education in Developing Countries / Impact of Globalization on CTE in the 21st Century / Efficacy of Career and Technical Education on Global Competitiveness

12. Issues and Trends Impacting the Growth and Future of Career and Technical Education
The Changing Image of Career and Technical Education / The Shortage of Career and Technical Education Teachers / Diversity, Multicultural Education, and CTE / Closing the Achievement Gap / Closing the Skills Gap / Selected Learning Models for Career and Technical Education Students / Career Clusters: A Plan of Education for a Global Economy / Alternative Energy and CTE / Trends in Career and Technical Education Funding / Trends in Occupational Course Taking and Academic Orientation: 1982, 1992, and 2004

13. Career and Technical Education Agents of Growth
Common Core State Standards (CCSS) / College and Career Readiness / Programs of Study / Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)

Appendix A: Is There a Future for School-to-Work Programs?
Appendix B: Timeline of Federal Vocational/CTE Legislation

Glossary